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What Do Ladybugs Eat and Drink?

what do ladybugs eat and drink, close up of ladybug

Have you ever wondered what ladybugs eat and drink? If you’re curious about these fascinating creatures and want to know more about their dietary habits, you’ve come to the right place. In this article, we’ll explore the fascinating world of ladybug nutrition and uncover the secrets of what these tiny creatures like to munch on.

What Do Ladybugs Eat?

ladybug eating aphids
Hedwig Storch, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Ladybugs are known for their voracious appetite for aphids. They can eat up to 5,000 aphids over their lifetime. That’s why gardens and farms often use them as a natural pest control method.

But aphids are not the only thing that ladybugs eat. They also feed on small insects such as spider mites, mealybugs, and leafhoppers. Ladybugs are omnivores and eat fruit and vegetables like grapes, raisins, figs, blackberries, and cucumbers. They can also supplement their diet with nectar, pollen, fungi, mildew, and tree sap.

What Do Ladybugs Drink?


When it comes to what ladybugs drink, they mainly consume water. However, they do not need much of it, as most of their water comes from foods with moisture.

Ladybugs can also drink nectar, which they can source from flowers, vegetables, fruit, and herbs. This is an important energy source for them, especially during the colder months when other food sources may be scarce.

How Do Ladybugs Eat?

Ladybugs are known for their voracious appetite for pests such as aphids, spider mites, mealybugs, and whiteflies. But how do these tiny insects eat?

Ladybugs have mandibles, modified mouthparts that allow them to chew their food. They use their mandibles to bite and crush their prey, such as aphids, and then suck out the juices. Ladybugs can eat up to 50 aphids daily, making them an effective natural pest control method.

What Do Ladybug Larvae Eat?


Ladybug larvae are known to have a big appetite, and they can consume many aphids and other soft-bodied plant pests. A single ladybug larva can eat about 400 aphids in the three weeks before it pupates.

Ladybug larvae feed on other soft-bodied plant pests such as soft scale, whitefly pupa, thrips, and spider mites if no aphids are available. Ladybug larvae are voracious predators and can eat other insect eggs as well.

Do Ladybugs Eat Their Own Kind?


While ladybugs are known to be predators, feeding on small insects such as aphids, eating their own kind is rare. Ladybugs are generally not cannibalistic and prefer to feed on other insects and plants.

There are some instances where ladybugs may eat their own kind. This usually happens when there is a food shortage, and the ladybugs are forced to turn on each other for sustenance. The weaker or injured ladybugs may become easy prey for their stronger counterparts in such cases.

Summary of What a Ladybug Eats and Drinks

ladybug hunting aphids
© Friedrich Haag / Wikimedia Commons
Eggsbutterflies, Colorado potato beetle, corn borer, ladybugs and moths
Larvacaterpillars of butterflies & moths, ladybugs, maggots, mites & nymphs and young corn borer
Insectsaphids, leafhopper, jumping plant lice, mealybugs, small spiders, spider mites, thrips and whiteflies
Fruits/Vegetablesblackberries, blueberries, cherries, cucumbers, dates, figs, grapes, legumes, nectarines, peaches, pears, plums, raisins and raspberries
Plant-Based Materialcotton, fungi, honey, honeydew, mildew, nectar, pollen and tree sap